Module 9: Operating Systems

  1. A(n) is the amount of data and program instructions that can be swapped at a given time.
    Answer: page
  2. The area of the hard drive used for virtual memory is called a(n) file.
    1. swap
    2. switch
    3. page
    4. indirect
  3. Some operating systems allow users to control a network and administer security.
    Answer: True
  4. Which of the following best defines the term cross-platform application?
    1. An app that communicates between devices on a network
    2. A program used to coordinate data sharing among multiple devices
    3. An application that runs the same way on multiple operating systems
    4. An operating system that incorporates aspects of multiple operating systems
  5. In some cases, the operating system for the network is a set of programs that are separate from the operating system on the client computers or mobile devices that access the network.
    Answer: True
  6. A queue is the lineup of documents waiting to be printed.
    Answer: True
  7. The is the core of an operating system.
    Answer: kernel
  8. In a multitasking operating system, programs are running but not in use.
    1. inactive
    2. unopened
    3. idle
    4. background
  9. A(n) boot refers to the process of restarting a computer or mobile device while it remains powered on.
    Answer: warm
  10. Which of the following best describes the term bloatware?
    1. Additional hardware and apps installed by an OEM
    2. A program that takes up most of a computer or devices RAM when it is running
    3. Software that creates documents with unusually large file sizes
    4. A script hidden inside a legitimate program that causes the computer to run slowly
  11. The computer may run slower while it uses virtual memory.
    Answer: True
  12. mode saves any open documents and running programs or apps to an internal hard drive before removing power from the computer or device.
    Answer: Hibernate
  13. On computers running macOS, the contains icons used to run apps, display minimized windows, and access documents.
    1. tiles
    2. title bar
    3. Dock
    4. taskbar
  14. Gracie is trying to decide between Windows or macOS for her new desktop computer. Since you have desktops that run both at home, she asks you for advice.

    She asks you what types of program are Safari and Edge. You tell her that these are .

    1. file managers
    2. desktop themes
    3. operating system version names
    4. browsers
  15. Google Play is an example of a(n) .
    1. gaming device
    2. media player
    3. mobile operating system
    4. app store
  16. Desktop operating systems sometimes are called operating systems because they also work in conjunction with a server operating system.
    1. client
    2. compatible
    3. multiplatform
    4. partner
  17. With a(n) user interface, users interact with the software through ordinary, intuitive behavior such as touch, gesture, and voice.
    1. natural
    2. personal
    3. virtual
    4. custom
  18. Which of the following best describes paging?
    1. The process a computer goes through when dividing data into disk sectors
    2. The conversion of data into readable, usable information
    3. When a computer or mobile device executes instructions
    4. The technique of swapping items between memory and storage
  19. A(n) is a private combination of characters associated with the user name that allows access to certain computer, mobile device, or network resources.
    Answer: password
  20. On devices running Windows (Mobile Edition), the app provides a centralized location for coupons, credit cards, loyalty cards, and memberships.
    1. Pay
    2. Wallet
    3. Credit
    4. Store
  21. A(n) is a small image that represents shortcuts to apps or other content.
    Answer: icon
  22. A(n) machine enables you to install a second operating system on a computer.
    1. multisystem
    2. virtual
    3. dual core
    4. bipartisan
  23. Geofencing enables your phone to send or receive notifications when you enter or exit a geographic location.
    Answer: True
  24. If thrashing occurs, try to exit the program. If that does not work, try a warm boot and then a cold boot.
    Answer: True
  25. Open source software has no restrictions from the copyright holder regarding modification of the software’s internal instructions.
    Answer: True
  26. Which of the following best defines what occurs when you partition a hard drive?
    1. The hard drive operates as both a client and a server.
    2. The hard drive is removed from the original computer or device and installed into another.
    3. The hard drive resources are shared among multiple users and devices.
    4. The hard drive is divided into separate logical storage areas that appear as distinct drives.
  27. OneDrive is a cloud server from .
    1. Apple
    2. Firefox
    3. Google
    4. Microsoft
  28. A File performs functions related to displaying and organizing files.
    1. Manager
    2. Organizer
    3. Folder
    4. Displayer
  29. Because of convergence, as well as the increased reliance on mobile devices for communications and productivity, the use and function of mobile and desktop operating systems are becoming more similar.
    Answer: False
  30. instructions remain on a storage medium until they are needed, at which time they transfer into memory.
    1. Virtual
    2. Volatile
    3. Nonresident
    4. Sidelined
  31. A cold boot generally is faster than a warm boot.
    Answer: False
  32. is a Linux-based operating system designed to work primarily with web apps.
    1. iOS
    2. Windows Web
    3. UNIX
    4. Chrome OS
  33. Which of the following is NOT true about network security?
    1. Some operating systems allow the network administrator to assign passwords to files and commands.
    2. Permissions define who can access resources and when they can access the resources.
    3. A user account enables a user to sign in to a network or computer.
    4. The operating system on a network does not record unsuccessful sign-in attempts.
  34. Gracie is trying to decide between Windows or macOS for her new desktop computer. Since you have desktops that run both at home, she asks you for advice.

    When describing the macOS interface, you tell her that she can use the to view, organize, and run apps.

    1. Launchpad
    2. Start menu
    3. Dock
    4. tiles
  35. A(n) is a small program that tells the operating system how to communicate with a specific device.
    1. app
    2. spooler
    3. interpreter
    4. driver
  36. Google names its releases after sweet treats, such as Jelly Bean and Marshmallow.Answer: Android
  37. The kernel is an example of a nonresident instruction.
    Answer: False
  38. An operating system must be installed on a hard drive. It cannot run from a USB flash drive or other media.
    Answer: False
  39. Reboot is another term for .
    Answer: restart
  40. Many software makers provide free downloadable updates, sometimes called a(n) to users who have registered and/or activated their software.
    1. enhancement
    2. debugger
    3. service pack
    4. secure deliverable
  41. Linux is proprietary software.
    Answer: False
  42. What is the difference between sleep and hibernate mode?
    1. No difference — they are the same.
    2. Hibernate mode is used with Apple computers and sleep for Windows.
    3. With sleep mode the computer is placed in a low-power state.
    4. Sleep mode is activated by pushing the power button.
  43. Two types of operating system user interfaces are graphical and .
    1. 3D
    2. text-based
    3. command-line
    4. navigational
  44. Operating systems that function as both desktop and server operating systems are called multipurpose operating systems.
    Answer: True
  45. Virtualization is the practice of sharing or pooling computing resources, such as servers or storage devices.
    Answer: True
  46. A performance monitor is a program that assesses and reports information about various computer resources and devices.
    Answer: True
  47. consists of ROM chips or flash memory chips that store permanent instructions.
    1. Chipware
    2. Dataware
    3. Firmware
    4. Memware
  48. You have been having issues with your printer, so you decide to learn more about how the printer works.

    You learn that if you replace your printer with a new one, you will have to install a(n) to your computer.

    1. spooler
    2. buffer
    3. driver
    4. print server
  49. The network uses the operating system on the network to configure the network, install software, and control network security.
    Answer: administrator
  50. What happens if your computer or mobile device uses up its available RAM?
    1. The computer or mobile device shuts down.
    2. It is impossible to run out of RAM.
    3. You get an alert that you must close a program or stop an action.
    4. The operating system may use virtual memory.
  51. Experts recommend that you run multiple antivirus programs simultaneously.
    Answer: False
  52. compatible operating systems recognize and work with applications written for an earlier version of the operating system.
    Answer: Backward
  53. In situations when a boot disk is required to restart a computer or device, the book disk is referred to as media.
    1. recovery
    2. instructional
    3. startup
    4. restoration
  54. Siri and Cortana are examples of recognition apps.
    Answer: voice
  55. The start-up process is similar for large and small computers and mobile devices.
    Answer: True
  56. consists of one or more chips on the motherboard that hold items such as data and instructions while the processor interprets and executes them.
    1. ROM
    2. Storage
    3. RAM
    4. The motherboard
  57. GUI stands for user interface.
    Answer: graphical
  58. Which of the following is NOT true about operating systems?
    1. Servers do not run the same operating system as tablets or laptops.
    2. Operating systems often are written to run on specific types of computers.
    3. The same types of computers may run different operating systems.
    4. It is not possible to run more than one operating system on the same computer.
  59. What is meant by the term Plug and Play?
    1. A device that must be connected to the network in order to access its operating system
    2. A portable battery and wireless network device that is used by mobile devices
    3. A gaming system optimized for multiplayer games
    4. The operating system that automatically configures new devices as you install or connect them
  60. A(n) system is set of programs that coordinate all the activities among computer or mobile device hardware.
    Answer: operating
  61. When an operating system spends much of its time paging, it is said to be .
    1. overpaging
    2. virtualizing
    3. optimizing
    4. thrashing
  62. Not all computer and mobile devices have an operating system.
    Answer: False
  63. All of the following are examples of desktop operating systems EXCEPT .
    1. Linux
    2. UNIX
    3. Android
    4. Chrome OS
  64. is a popular, multitasking UNIX-based operating system.
    Answer: Linux
  65. Power users often work with because of its flexibility and capabilities.
    1. Windows
    2. macOS
    3. Chrome OS
    4. UNIX
  66. A multiuser operating system processes all tasks on a first-come, first-served basis.
    Answer: False
  67. Ticket machines, ATMs, digital cameras, and robotics all use operating systems.
    1. embedded
    2. multiuser
    3. mobile
    4. virtual
  68. macOS is a UNIX-based operating system.
    Answer: True
  69. Operating systems on embedded computers use a multitasking operating system.
    Answer: False
  70. The term, PC, sometimes is used to describe a computer that runs on a Mac operating system.
    Answer: False
  71. The process sends documents to be printed into a buffer instead of sending them immediately to the printer.
    1. thrashing
    2. aligning
    3. delaying
    4. spooling
  72. Identify the letter of the choice that best matches the phrase or definition.
    1. A Windows Phone app that provides a centralized location for coupons
      Answer: o. Wallet
    2. Enables user to access all files and programs on the computer or network, install programs, and specify settings that affect all users on a computer, mobile device, or network
      Answer: f. administrator account
    3. Saves any open documents and programs to an internal hard drive before removing power from the computer or device
      Answer: e. hibernate
    4. A unique combination of characters that identifies a specific user
      Answer: g. user name
    5. A private combination of characters associated with the user name that allows access to certain computer resources
      Answer: h. password
    6. A popular, multitasking UNIX-based operating system
      Answer: m. Linux
    7. Define who can access certain resources and when they can access those resources
      Answer: j. permissions
    8. If application software has stopped responding and the hard disk’s LED blinks repeatedly, the operating system probably is doing this.
      Answer: k. thrashing
    9. Android app store that provides access to apps, songs, books, and movies
      Answer: i. Google Play
    10. The practice of sharing or pooling computing resources, such as servers
      Answer: a. virtualization
    11. Saves any open documents and programs to RAM, turns off all unneeded functions, and then places the computer in a low-power state.
      Answer: d. sleep mode
    12. Enables you to sync mail, calendars, contacts, and other items on iOS
      Answer: l. iCloud
    13. When working with a command-line interface, the set of commands entered into the computer is called this
      Answer: n. command language
    14. Typically has one program running at a time, though others may be running in the background
      Answer: b. mobile operating system
    15. The operating system allocates a portion of a storage medium, such as a hard drive or a USB flash drive, to function as additional RAM.
      Answer: c. virtual memory
  73. You have been having issues with your printer, so you decide to learn more about how the printer works.

    You learn that by spooling documents to a(n) , the computer or mobile device can continue interpreting and executing instructions while the printer prints.

    1. memory stick
    2. external storage device
    3. printer server
    4. buffer
  74. OEM stands for original equipment manufacturer.
    Answer: True
  75. The operating system sometimes is called the .
    1. background app
    2. platform
    3. underlying hardware
    4. ground floor
  76. is the operating system used by Amazon Kindle tablets.
    1. Kindle OS
    2. Fire OS
    3. Amazon OS
    4. Chrome OS
  77. Which of the following is NOT true about command-line interfaces?
    1. They require exact spelling, form, and punctuation.
    2. A user types keywords or abbreviations to enter data and instructions.
    3. They give you less control to manage detailed settings than a GUI.
    4. The set of commands used to control actions is called the command language.
  78. The trend is toward device-independent operating systems.
    Answer: True
  79. When you purchase a computer or mobile device, it usually has an operating system and other tools installed.
    Answer: True
  80. A(n) is a segment of memory or storage in which items are placed while waiting to be transferred from an input device or to an output device.
    Answer: buffer

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